The Canary Islands
The Canary Islands lie in the Atlantic Ocean, off the Moroccan coast. The volcanic islands are the mountain tops of a submerged mountain that began to form around one hundred and eighty million years ago. The hotspot that provided this is still active, which means that the volcanoes on the islands can be productive and the undersea mountains are still growing.
The Canary Islands were probably built around 3000 BC, inhabited for the first time by settlers from North Africa. In the 15th century, the Spaniards conquered the islands of the then inhabitants, who were called the Guanches. They still lived in caves, wore goat skins and made attributes of earthenware and stone. Therefore people say that the Stone Age in this region lasted until the 15th century.
The island group consists of thirteen islands, seven of which are “main islands”.
Tenerife is the largest island in the region and also houses the most inhabitants. Just like Gran Canaria, it is very popular with tourists. Both islands form the head of their province within the region. Tenerife has the capital Santa Cruz de Tenerife and Gran Canaria Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, which is also the largest city in the area.
Lanzarote is the most easterly island, from where you can see the coast of Morocco. It is geologically the oldest island.
Fuerteventura lay below Tenerife and formed around the same time. Both islands are arid and inhospitable due to the nearby Sahara and volcanic eruptions in the past.
You will find La Palma located west of the archipelago. Unlike the other islands, it is very green. It is especially popular among hikers. Mass tourism is not present here. Even less known are El Hierro and La Gomera, the smallest of the seven main islands.
The Canary Islands birth dates back to 8-12 million years earlier, with the advancement of a volcanic range of mountains underwater in the Atlantic, which at various periods emerged
forming the archipelago.
It is recognized that the first individuals were of aboriginal and of northwest African beginning, they were named Guanches. They were overcome by the Spanish over 500 years earlier, however not without setting up a terrific fight.
During the dark ages, the islands were neglected by Europe, and also it had not been up until the 13th century that they were once more rediscovered. In the 14th century, they were dominated in behalf of the Spanish by the Norman captain, Jean de Bethencourt, who conquered Lanzarote.
When Christopher Columbus quit on in the Canary Islands on his way to discover the Americas, it put the islands on the map as a calculated stop-off factor for years to follow.
Although Lanzarote is only a hundred kilometres from the coast of Morocco, the official language is simply Spanish. On the island of La Gomera, some residents also “speak” a flute language called Silbo. The Silbo originated in the Guanches days and was used to communicate over long distances about the mountainous landscape and the deep valleys of the islands. Originally it was probably also used on Gran Canaria and Tenerife.
In the Canary Islands, there is a warm, subtropical climate, which is very popular with tourists. The islands are also known for their rugged, volcanic nature and harbour many native species, such as the canary. This fashionable pet owes its name to the region. Probably the Canary Islands got their current name through their Latin name, Canariae Insulae, which means dog islands. Many dogs were said to have lived on the islands, which were worshipped by the Guanchen. However, other sources contradict this. The dogs can still be found today in the coat of arms of the island group.
Its beaches are its most impressive destinations and are ideal for loosening up in the sun or delighting in water sports such as windsurfing as well as diving. In the interior, you’ll locate fantastic landscapes which are ideal for trekking, cycle touring, rock climbing and even caving.
Several of one of the most spectacular consists of the volcanic scenery of Lanzarote, the beaches of Fuerteventura and Grandma Canaria with their sand dunes, or the eco-friendly woodlands of La Palma and La Gomera.
The Canary Islands additionally provide a variety of social options to explore, consisting of the huge site at San Cristóbal de La Laguna, which has actually been granted the World Heritage designation by the UNESCO, and the job of César Manrique in Lanzarote. If you’re entering February you’ll likewise be able to delight in the stunning Circus in Santa Cruz de Tenerife.
A traditional local dish
Food is a widely crucial part of the Canarian culture, as well as there, are some amusingly called delicacies on a deal such as ‘Mojo’– a sauce which may be orange, red, or environment-friendly depending on its components. An additional normal Canarian food is called ‘ropa vieja’ which implies ‘old clothes’– a recipe of chicken as well as beef blended with potatoes and also garbanzo beans!
In the old town of Puerto de la Cruz you will certainly discover the outstanding natural seawater swimming pools designed by the popular architect/landscaper Cesar Manrique. The breath-taking Lido Martianez includes 7 pools, changing centers, subtropical trees as well as plants, a substantial water fountain, a jacuzzi, play area tools, restaurants, and also an underground casino and gambling enterprise.
If you are looking for a diverse, cultural experience, considering a trip to the Canary Islands may just be worth your while.