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Cazorla National Park

Cazorla National Park

Cazorla National Park

Cazorla National Park, Segura y Las Villas encompasses 2143 km2 and 26 cities on the east side of the province of Jaen in Spain. It is the largest protected area in Spain and the second largest region in Europe with natural vegetables.

Cazorla National Park is located in the province of Jaen and covers approximately 3,200 square kilometres. The park itself is divided into two sections, the Sierra de Cazorla, and the Sierra de Segura.

Both sections are well known for their natural beauty, and both offer a wide range of activities for visitors to enjoy.

The Sierra de Cazorla is more mountainous than the Sierra de Segura and is home to some of the most amazing views of the surrounding countryside. The Sierra de Segura is less mountainous, but still offers some great hiking trails and excellent scenery.

 

Segura y Las Villas

Sierras de Cazorla National Park, Segura y Las illas is the birthplace of the Guadalquivir, the longest and most important river in all of Andalusia, which starts between the mountains of Sierra de Cazorla and Sierra del Pozo. The river offers beautiful views to visitors from Seville and Córdoba, among others.

The National Park offers a variety of landscapes. From peaks higher than 2000 meters (the Cerro de la Empanada is 2107 meters high) to deep gorges, such as the Pinar Negro’s depth of 150 meters; from sinkholes, such as the Campos de Hernán Perea, to the semi-desert landscape of the Picos del Guadiana.

The nature reserve was declared a biosphere reserve by UNESCO in 1983 and a natural park by the Andalusian government in 1986. In 2006 it was included in the Nature Net 2000, a network that brings together essential European areas for the conservation of European biodiversity.

To discover the nature park, you can book it with a guide or a tour company. But it is also possible to visit the park on your own. Make sure you go well prepared.

Cañada de las Fuentes

The Sierra de La Cazorla Natural Park is a large mountain range located northwest of Jaen. This park contains several peaks, including the tallest in the region, Empanadas (2107 meters). It is also home to a carnivorous plant, the Valverde lizard, and a variety of other species. Caada de las fuentes is a good place to hike and see the Sierra del Pozo.

The Sierra de La Fuentes mountain range is crisscrossed with streams and features several viewpoints. Visitors can also enjoy the views from Puerto de Las Palomas, a mountain pass in the park. The Sierra de las Fuentes is also home to a gorge known as the Canada de las Fuentes. It is one of the park’s most popular hiking routes and is worth the visit.

View of the old town of Cazorla, in Jaen.
View of the old town of Cazorla, in Jaen.

Cazorla Segura y las

If you are looking for an outdoor adventure, the Sierras de Cazorla, Segura y Las Villas Natural Park is the place to go. This area has four ecosystems with each featuring a special type of scenery. It also boasts a rich variety of human landscapes and endemic species. The park is located in the northeast of the province of Jaen. Its spectacular scenery and diverse ecosystems make it a great spot for hiking or cycling.

The Sierras de Cazorla and Segura is located just a few kilometres from the village. Visitors are welcome to hike in these mountains. In addition, there are many activities geared towards the whole family. There are many festivals throughout the year that take place in this area. The most popular events are the fiestas of reses bravas, which date back to 500 years ago.

Cañada de las Fuentes

A visit to the National Park’s stunningly beautiful Canada de las Fuentes will allow you to see many types of wildlife. The park is home to a sign marking the official source of the river, which is engraved with a poem by the Alvarez Quintero brothers. In reality, however, the real source of the river lies in a ravine called Canada de las Fuentes, where streams from nearby mountains combine. While you’re here, you may come across foxes waiting for you to approach them.

The area is also home to several historical sites, including the Iruela Castle, which sits atop a rock over the town. This castle was originally built by the Moors but was fortified by the Templar Knights during the Middle Ages. Today, the castle is a part of the National Park’s Canada de las Fuentes, which is a charming town located in the mountains above Iruela.

Puente de las Herrerías

If you are looking for a unique camping experience, then you should consider visiting the Puente de las Herreras in the Sierra de Cazorla Natural Park.

This area is 1000 m above sea level and is located along the bank of the Guadalquivir river. Its microclimate is perfect for outdoor activities, and the area also has a swimming pool.

The history of the Puente de las Herrerias dates back to the post-Siglo XV period. The Reyes Catolicos had declared war on Granada, as they wanted to capture the last Muslim ruler.

However, they were unable to cross the river because it had been flooded during recent rains. This amazing feat of engineering became a legend and is still known to this day.

puerto de las palomas

The Sierra de Cazorla is a Unesco biosphere reserve and natural park and was declared a national park in 1989. It has botanical importance second only to the Sierra Nevada, with over 185 bird species and 51 different species of mammals.

It is also home to 11 different butterfly species and eleven fish species. There are several trails to hike through this incredible natural habitat.

The first stop should be a visit to the Mirador de las Palomas, a mountain pass at around 1200 meters that will reward you with a spectacular view of the Guadalquivir valley and the surrounding mountains.

Another worthwhile stop is the Pico de Cabanas (2026m), which offers spectacular views of the surrounding valley. You can also visit the Arroyo Frio and El Pico del Yelmo, two peaks that are a good day’s hike.

Parador de Cazorla

The Parador de Cazorla National Park is located in the middle of the Cazorla Nature Reserve, which includes pine forests, wild boar, and deer. From the windows of the Parador, guests can gaze over the countryside.

Pine trees and mountains add to the natural beauty of the area, and the fall colours of the leaves are particularly impressive. While staying in the hotel, you can enjoy the view and relax with a cup of coffee or a meal.

The Parador de Cazorla is a charming mountain hotel in the mountains of Cazorla, Spain. Guests will find a 24-hour front desk and multilingual staff. Additionally, you can take advantage of the hotel’s free self-parking and luggage storage services. You can also enjoy a relaxing massage or play a game of ping-pong in the hotel’s lounge.

Tranco de beas reservoir

The Tranco de Beas reservoir is a dam situated in the Sierra de Segura region of Andalusia, Spain. The reservoir was created by filling in the old estate of Bujaraiza, which was the best land in the village.

The area was then subjected to a Christian conquest by the Knights of Santiago, and King Fernando III granted it a Village Charter. However, in 1446 the village was besieged by the Chief Commander of the Castile and Leon Kingdom, sent by King Juan II to subdue Don Rodrigo Manrique.

Located in the heart of the park, the reservoir is ideal for non-motorised water sports. The nearby town of Tranco is the perfect location for a picnic. There are many places to eat and stay in Tranco.

You may want to take a break from the activity to visit the nearby Castillo de San Miguel de Bujaraiza, located on an island in the middle of the Tranco. A scenic lookout point is the Mirador de Rodriguez de la Fuente, which is an incredibly popular location.

Hornos de Segura

Located in the Sierra de Segura, Hornos de Segura is a small serrano village, perched on a rocky outcrop with a breathtaking view over the Tranco reservoir. It’s a perfect place to take in a view and explore the town’s history.

It is a great place for hiking or exploring the area’s natural beauty, and visitors can get information and maps at the town’s tourist office.

The ancient town of Hornos is similar in appearance to the La Alhambra vase. Both are decorated with golden and blue motifs set over white enamel background. They are arranged in vertical strips, separated by blue lines, and have Kufic inscriptions that alternate with floral themes. The only remaining object is a handle, which seems to date from the Almohade period.

Cascada de Linares

The imposing Cascada de Linarejos can be found in the park’s west region. The cascade is surrounded by pine trees and is breathtaking. The waterfall is accessible from the trailhead at Km 18 near the Cruce del Vadillo, a former hunting lodge.

The trail ends at a small dam and hydroelectric power station. It’s a popular day trip for locals and tourists alike, with its spectacular waterfall.

The park is home to some of Spain’s most breathtaking landscapes. Some numerous lakes and brooks run through the park. UNESCO has declared it a biosphere reserve and a Special Protection Area for migratory birds. The park is home to more than 50 species of birds, including migratory and resident species. It also is a prime tourist destination, with a large variety of hiking and biking trails.

Stunning natural surroundings

Visitors to Cazorla National Park can explore the beautiful landscapes and rich wildlife while enjoying the wonderful amenities available in the area. The park features a visitor centre in a former hunting lodge, where visitors can learn about the evolution of local wildlife.

Another fascinating location is the Freshwater Fish Centre, located just down the road. After visiting the centre, you can enjoy a 14-kilometre nature walk that takes you through stunning natural scenery and endemic species.

The Sierra de Cazorla is an impressive mountain range, adorned with lush forests and rivers. There are karstic landforms, waterfalls, and architectural treasures throughout the region. Its forests are home to many endemic species and a variety of other wildlife.

The Pico Empanada, which rises to 2,107m, is one of the many peaks that make the park such a spectacular destination. Golden eagles and Peregrine Falcons live in the park, and endemic species of plants and animals are abundant in the Sierra.

Cazorla National Park, Segura

Sun glowing seen through trees, Sierra De Cazorla, Jaen Province, Spain

When to go to the Cazorla National Park

You can visit the Cazorla National Park, Segura y Las Villas during any season, although the best period is undoubtedly in the spring and fall.

During this period, incredibly vibrant colours and beautiful scents cover the park, and the temperatures are a lot milder than in the summer and winter months. If you prefer to go in winter, you may even encounter snow-covered landscapes, especially in the hills. In the summer months, on the other hand, temperatures can get high!

Also keep in mind that during the summer months, especially in July and August, it can get swamped.

Many tourists want to visit National Park during this period. You can, of course, choose to go this period, a fun way to get to know people! If you prefer quiet, visit the park during the autumn and spring months.

 

How to get to the Natural Park of Sierras de Cazorla

You can reach the Cazorla National Park, Segura y Las Villas by bus or by car. If you prefer to leave the car at home, there are bus companies such as Carcesa and ALSA that provide daily routes between Jaen and the main cities around the park. ALSA runs daily from Jaen (9 €), Ubeda (4 €) and Baeza (4.80 €) to the town of Cazorla. You can enter the park from the surrounding towns and villages.

If you prefer to go by car, you can take the A319 from Cazorla if you are coming from the west; If you are coming from Granada, take the A317 passing through Puebla de Don Fadrique towards Santiago de la Escapada. You will find several petrol stations in the park, such as the Estación de Servicio Arroyo Perona, located on the A319, 5, and the Estación de Servicio Mirador de Cazorla, on the 21st km of A319, in the Carretera de la Sierra, 21. navigation is the most convenient to set it at the visitor centre of the park where you can park the car safely.

Visitor centre of the Natural Park of Sierras de Cazorla

The main visitor centre of the park is the Centro de Interpretación Torre del Vinagre, located on Torre del Vinagre. Here you get a free tour of the complex ecosystems of the nature park that are exhibited in the four adapted halls. The most important is the Sala de Interpretación (interpretation hall), where you can discover the natural park, geography and geology, flora and fauna and ecology.

 

THINGS TO DISCOVER IN THE NATIONAL PARK

  • Museo de Caza is a museum dedicated to hunting, one of the most popular activities in the Natural Park. Located next to the Torre de Vinagre visitor centre, it displays stuffed examples of the park’s animals as well as ancient antlers.
  • Jardín Botánico is a botanical garden next to the Torre de Vinagre visitor centre that shows the park’s plant life. In total, 300 species are represented here. The park’s second and smaller botanical garden is located in Siles north of the park.
  • Parque Cinegético Collado del Almendral is a wildlife park where you can spot mouflons, Spanish ibex, wild boar and deer from the viewpoints on the circular footpath that leads down from the parking lot via a path. The park is located on the A319, about 7 km north of Coto Ríos.
  • Embalse de Tranco is a long reservoir in the centre of the park, where you can do a variety of (non-motorized) water sports and where you can swim or have a picnic. There is a small village, Tranco, on the banks with several bars, restaurants, and accommodation, some of which have excellent views of the reservoir.
  • Castles in the area include the remains of the Castillo de San Miguel de Bujaraiza, which you can see on the island in the middle of the Tranco reservoir, and the castles in Cazorla and Tíscar. Segura de la Sierra is the most dramatically situated village, with its whitewashed houses surrounding a hill, with a slowly restored castle on top.
  • Hornos, along with Segura de la Sierra, is one of the most spectacularly situated villages in the park. It is located on a rock with a ruined castle and has a beautiful view of the Tranco reservoir.

 

Can you go hiking in the Natural Park of Sierras de Cazorla

Yes, you can go hiking in the Natural Park of Sierras de Cazorla.

AllTrails offers you the opportunity to enjoy several great trails in the Sierra de Cazorla, Segura y Las Villas. You can even enjoy hand-curated trail maps, along with reviews and photos from nature lovers like you.

Whether you are planning a hike in the mountains or a bike ride in the park, this is the perfect place to explore some of the many trails that we have. With trails ranging from 7m to 29,037m, there is something for everyone. The best part is that you can explore the trails in the park for free.

 

Weather in the Natural Park of Sierras de Cazorla

The wettest month in Sierras de Cazorla Natural Park is November with a 30% chance of rainfall on a regular day as well as obtains 0.11 inches (2.7 mm) of rainfall, while the dryest month in Sierras de Cazorla Natural Park is July with a 2.3% opportunity of precipitation on a typical day and also gets 0.11 inches (2.7 mm) of rainfall. These graphs reveal the possibility of it raining/snowing in March and the amount of rainfall.

In Sierras de Cazorla Natural Park in March, there’s a 29% opportunity of rainfall or snow on an average day.

The typical quantity of time that the skies are sunny or clear (partially cloudy or less) in Sierras de Cazorla Natural Park during March is 11.9 hrs (50% of the day). For comparison, the day with the clearest, bright days in Sierras de Cazorla Natural Park is July with 21.2 hrs while January has the fastest quantity of cloud-free hours of just 11.2 hrs.

Just how much does it rain or snow in March

In Sierras de Cazorla Natural Park in March, there’s a 29% chance of rainfall or snow on a typical day. And also on a typical day it snows or rainfalls, we obtain 0.00 in (0.1 mm) of rainfall. In even more usual terms of how much that is, some would explain it as not rainy/snowy in all.

Reflections over the Guadalquivir River in calms waters
Reflections over the Guadalquivir River in calms waters

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